Analogy Practice Questions (2023)

Choose the analogy that best matches the example provided.
1. DRIP : GUSH
  1. CRY : LAUGH
  2. CURL : ROLL
  3. STREAM : TRIBUTARY
  4. DENT : DESTROY
  5. BEND : ANGLE
2. WALK : LEGS
  1. GLEAM : EYES
  2. CHEW : MOUTH
  3. DRESS : HEM
  4. COVER : BOOK
  5. GRIND : NOSE
3. ENFRANCHISE : SLAVERY
  1. EQUATION : MATHEMATICS
  2. LIBERATE : CONFINE
  3. BONDAGE : SUBJUGATION
  4. APPEASEMENT : UNREASONABLE
  5. ANATOMY : PHYSIOLOGY
4. UNION JACK : VEXILLOLOGY
  1. TOAD : ORNITHOLOGY
  2. TURTLE : MICROBIOLOGY
  3. GYMNOSPERMS : BOTANY
  4. FRIEND : HOME ECONOMICS
  5. ALGAE : ZOOLOGY
5. TOPAZ : YELLOW
  1. DIAMOND : CARAT
  2. JEWELER : CLARITY
  3. SAPPHIRE : RED
  4. AMETHYST : PURPLE
  5. AMBER : BLUE
6. LUMEN : BRIGHTNESS
  1. CANDLE : LIGHT
  2. DENSITY : DARKNESS
  3. NICKEL : METAL
  4. INCHES : LENGTH
  5. COLOR : HUE
7. MACERATION : LIQUID
  1. SUBLIMATION : GAS
  2. EVAPORATION : HUMIDITY
  3. TRAIL : PATH
  4. EROSION : WEATHER
  5. DECISION : DISTRACTION
8. CLUMSY : BOTCH
  1. WICKED : INSINUATE
  2. STRICT : PAMPER
  3. WILLFUL : HEED
  4. CLEVER : ERADICATE
  5. LAZY : SHIRK
9. FUGITIVE : FLEE
  1. PARASITE : FOSTER
  2. BRAGGART : BOAST
  3. SAGE : STIFLE
  4. BYSTANDER : PROCURE
  5. FIREBRAND : QUIBBLE
10. CHRONOLOGICAL : TIME
  1. VIRTUAL : TRUTH
  2. ABNORMAL : VALUE
  3. MARGINAL : KNOWLEDGE
  4. ORDINAL : PLACE
  5. COINCIDENTAL : HEALTH
11. SOOT : GRIMY
  1. FROST : TRANSPARENT
  2. SUNSHINE : FRUITLESS
  3. RAIN : SODDEN
  4. PALL : GAUDY
  5. DUST : RADIANT
12. MORBID : UNFAVORABLE
  1. REPUTABLE : FAVORABLE
  2. MATERNAL : UNFAVORABLE
  3. DISPUTATIOUS : FAVORABLE
  4. VIGILANT : UNFAVORABLE
  5. LAX : FAVORABLE
13. SULLEN : BROOD
  1. LETHARGIC : CAVORT
  2. REGAL : CRINGE
  3. DOCILE : OBEY
  4. POISED : BLUNDER
  5. DESPONDENT : LAUGH
14. AUTHOR : LITERATE
  1. CYNIC : GULLIBLE
  2. HOTHEAD : PRUDENT
  3. SAINT : NOTORIOUS
  4. JUDGE : IMPARTIAL
  5. DOCTOR : FALLIBLE
15. MASSIVE : BULK
  1. ULTIMATE : MAGNITUDE
  2. TRIVIAL : IMPORTANCE
  3. ANONYMOUS : LUSTER
  4. INTERMINABLE : LEGACY
  5. GIGANTIC : SIZE
16. ENTICE : REPEL
  1. GERMINATE : SPROUT
  2. FLOURISH : FADE
  3. OFFICIATE : PRESIDE
  4. LUBRICATE : GREASE
  5. IMPLORE : ENTREAT
17. HUMDRUM : BORE
  1. GRIM : AMUSE
  2. NUTRITIOUS : SICKEN
  3. STODGY : EXCITE
  4. HEARTRENDING : MOVE
  5. PENDING : WORRY
18. HOSPITABLE : COURTESY
  1. MORBID : CHEERFULNESS
  2. VINDICTIVE : SPITE
  3. LEISURELY : HASTE
  4. INFAMOUS : HONOR
  5. DESPONDENT : GLEE
19. REINFORCE : STRONGER
  1. ABOUND : LESSER
  2. DISMANTLE : LONGER
  3. WILT : HIGHER
  4. SHIRK : GREATER
  5. ERODE : WEAKER
20. BRAGGART : MODESTY
  1. FLEDGLING : EXPERIENCE
  2. EMBEZZLER : GREED
  3. WALLFLOWER : TIMIDITY
  4. INVALID : MALADY
  5. CANDIDATE : AMBITION
Answers and Explanations
1. D

Denting is minor damage and destroying is major; dripping is minor liquid flow and gushing is major. Cry and laugh (A) are antonyms. Curl and roll (B), stream and tributary (C), and bend and angle (E) are all pairs of synonyms.

2. B

Walking is a movement of the legs and chewing is a movement of the mouth. Eyes may gleam (A), but this is not a movement. Dress (C) is a whole, of which hem is part; Cover (D) is part of the whole, book. There is an expression, “Keep your nose to the grindstone;” but grind is not a movement of/upon the nose (E).

3. B

Enfranchise is to set free/liberate, and slavery is the opposite-i.e. to enslave/confine. Both sets are antonyms. Equation is part of mathematics (A). Bondage and subjugation (C) are synonyms (for each other and slavery). Appeasement and unreasonable (D) are unrelated. Anatomy and physiology (E) are related subjects.

4. C

The Union Jack (British flag) is part of vexillology, the study of flags; gymnosperms are part of botany, the study of plants. Toad is not part of ornithology (A), the study of birds. Turtle is not part of microbiology (B), the study of microscopic organisms. Friend is not part of home economics (D), the study of cooking, sewing, and other home skills. Algae, plants, are not part of zoology (E), the study of animals.

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5. D

Topazes are yellow and amethysts are purple. Carats (A) are measures of the weight of diamonds, not their color. Jewelers (B) inspect gems for clarity, a quality other than color. Sapphires (C) are blue, not red. Amber and blue (E) are two different colors; neither is a gem.

6. D

Lumens measure brightness and inches measure length. Candles do not measure light (A) but emit it. Density does not measure darkness (B) but may create it. Nickel does not measure metal (C) but is a type of metal. Color does not measure hue (E); these are synonyms.

7. D

Liquid causes maceration as weather causes erosion: both break things down. Gas does not cause sublimation (A) but is subject to it, as humidity is subject to evaporation (B). Trail and path (C) are synonyms. Distraction interferes with a decision (E), rather than causing it.

8. E

One who is clumsy may botch a job; one who is lazy may shirk work. One who is wicked may or may not necessarily insinuate (A); a better adjective for insinuating something might be sly or subtle. One who is strict does not pamper (B), but the opposite. One who is willful does not heed (C) warnings/directions. Clever, i.e. ingenious or smart, is unrelated to eradicate (D), to eliminate.

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9. B

A fugitive flees; a braggart boasts/brags. A parasite does not foster (A) or promote anything, but lives off another. A sage is one who is wise, not one who stifles (C), i.e. suppresses, anything. A bystander does not procure (D) or obtain anything, but stands by and may observe an event. A firebrand incites others to action but does not quibble (E), i.e. dispute, anything.

10. D

Chronological means in order of time, as ordinal means in order in place. Virtual means essential, implicit, practical, or almost; not in order of truth (A). Abnormal means not normal and not in order of value (B). Marginal means minimal or peripheral, not in order of knowledge (C). Coincidental means by chance/occurring together, not in order of health (E).

11. C

Soot (ash/carbon) makes things grimy (dirty) as rain makes things sodden (soaked). Frost does not make things transparent (A) or clear. Sunshine does not make things fruitless (B) or useless/unproductive. A pall or cloud of gloom does not make things gaudy (D) or bright. Dust does not make things radiant (E) or glowing.

12. A

Morbid and unfavorable are “bad” synonyms, as reputable and favorable are “good” synonyms. Maternal refers to motherhood and is not unfavorable (B). Disputatious means argumentative and is not favorable (C). Vigilant means watchful and is not unfavorable. Lax means slack or remiss and is not favorable (E).

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13. C

One who is sullen (morose) will brood (mope), as one who is docile (compliant) will obey. One who is lethargic (A) lacks energy/motivation and will not cavort (frolic). One who is regal (royal/noble) is proud and will not cringe (B), i.e. cower/recoil. One who is poised is self-assured and socially adroit, hence unlikely to blunder (D), i.e. commit a social error/faux pas. One who is despondent is depressed/despairing and unlikely to laugh (E).

14. D

An author is expected to be literate, i.e. well-read, as a judge is expected to be impartial, i.e. objective. A cynic is NOT expected to be gullible (A), i.e. easily fooled. A hothead acts rashly, not prudently (B) or judiciously. A saint is highly reputable, not notorious (C), i.e. disreputable. A doctor is not expected to be especially fallible (E), i.e. prone to error.

15. E

As something massive has great bulk, something gigantic has great size. Ultimate means final or extreme; magnitude means large amount or importance. Trivial means unimportant/having the opposite of importance (B). Anonymous means unknown, while luster means shine or brilliance. Interminable means unending; legacy means inheritance or heritage (D).

16. B

Entice, meaning attract or allure, is an antonym of repel, meaning reject or repulse; flourish, meaning thrive or be plentiful, is an antonym of fade, meaning deteriorate or diminish. Germinate and sprout (A), officiate and preside (C), lubricate and grease (D), and implore and entreat (E) are all pairs of synonyms.

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17. D

Humdrum means boring, from the verb to bore; heartrending means (emotionally) moving, from the verb to move. Both adjectives come from synonymous verbs. Grim, meaning gloomy or terrible, would not amuse (A). Nutritious or wholesome foods/things would not sicken (B). Someone/something stodgy, i.e. dull, would not excite (C). Something pending is upcoming; it might worry or gladden one, or do neither, but would not necessarily worry one (E).

18. B

Hospitable is a synonym of courteous (noun = courtesy); morbid, i.e. unhealthy, disease-related, gloomy, or gruesome, is an antonym of cheerful (noun = cheerfulness) (A). A vindictive act is motivated by spite (synonymous). Leisurely means not done in haste (C) (antonymous). Someone/something infamous is notorious, the opposite/antonym of [receiving] honor (D). One who is despondent is experiencing depression or despair, not its opposite/antonym glee, i.e. joy or delight.

19. E

To reinforce is to make stronger; to erode is to make weaker. To abound is to be plentiful, while lesser means a smaller amount or number (A). To dismantle means to take apart; longer means a larger distance or time (B). To wilt means to droop, fade, or wither; higher means at a greater physical elevation or figurative level (C). To shirk is to evade; greater means more or larger (D).

20. A

A braggart lacks modesty; a fledgling (neophyte or inexperienced individual) lacks experience. An embezzler, who steals money from an employer or client, does not lack greed (B). A wallflower or shy person does not lack timidity (fearfulness or shyness). An invalid or ill person does not lack a malady, i.e. illness. A candidate or competitor does not lack ambition (E).

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FAQs

How do you complete an analogy? ›

In analogies used for testing, only the first pair of words is provided. Your first step, then, is to determine the relationship between these two words. To complete the analogy, you must select word(s) that have a parallel relationship to the pair. You know that empty and full are opposites.

What are analogy 3 examples? ›

She's as blind as a bat.” “You have to be as busy as a bee to get good grades in high school.” “Finding that lost dog will be like finding a needle in a haystack.” Comparing two objects or ideas is common practice in the English language, as useful in writing and literature as in everyday figures of speech.

What are the steps of solving analogy questions? ›

Three-Step Bridge Method for Solving Analogies
  • Step 1: Build a strong bridge (relationship) sentence relating the words in the question pair. ...
  • Step 2: Use this bridge with each answer choice, inserting them in place of the words in the question pair.
  • Step 3: The answer will be the sentence which is the most logical.

What are the 7 types of analogy? ›

Types of analogies
  • Part to whole.
  • Cause to effect.
  • Source to product.
  • Object to purpose.
  • Characteristic.
  • General to specific.
  • User to tool.
  • Sequences.
12 Jun 2021

What are the 12 types of analogy? ›

Analogy Types & Analogy Examples
  • Opposites Analogies. ...
  • Object and Classification Analogies. ...
  • Object and Related Object Analogies. ...
  • Object and Group Analogies. ...
  • Degrees of a Characteristic Analogies. ...
  • Cause and Effect Analogies. ...
  • Effort and Result Analogies. ...
  • Problem and Solution Analogies.

What is an analogy Grade 7? ›

Analogies show the relationships between two pairs of words. finger is to hand as petal is to flower. A finger is part of a hand. A petal is part of a flower.

What does it mean if you're good at analogies? ›

Good use of analogies doesn't just represent a communication skill. It's a thinking skill. It's making sense of a thing based on its relationship to other things. It's viewing an idea in context and explaining it to others as such.

What makes a poor analogy? ›

A weak analogy occurs when a person draws a comparison between two concepts, situations, or things to link them together in an argument, even though the connection between the two is not strong enough to make the case. It's a type of fallacy or flaw that can damage an argument.

What makes a successful analogy? ›

What Makes an Analogy Good? A good analogy is a compromise between two conflicting goals: familiarity and representativeness. Good analogies are familiar. They express an abstract idea in terms of a familiar one.

What is the formula of analogy? ›

In logic and reasoning, and occasionally in literature, analogies are a four-part comparison expressed via the formula of A:B::C:D, or A is to B as C is to D. This comparison depends on the relationship between A and B and the relationship between C and D to make its point, so A can never be D, and B can never be C.

What is analogy short answer? ›

An analogy is a comparison between two objects, or systems of objects, that highlights respects in which they are thought to be similar. Analogical reasoning is any type of thinking that relies upon an analogy.

What is the analogy method? ›

The analogy method compares a new or proposed system with one analogous (i.e., similar) system, that was typically acquired in the recent past, for which there is accurate cost and technical data. There must be a reasonable correlation between the proposed and “historical” system.

What is an analogy in English class? ›

An analogy is simply a comparison between two things. In this way, it is similar to the simile and metaphor. We use analogies all the time informally. In conversation, when you compare one situation to another, you're using an analogy.

What is an analogy 6th grade? ›

Analogies show the relationships between two pairs of words. finger is to hand as petal is to flower. A finger is part of a hand. A petal is part of a flower.

What is an example of analogy problem solving? ›

An analogy is an abstract parallel between two quite different things. For example, you might analogize driving to project management. In both cases it helps to have a map (i.e., a plan) for where you're going.

What is analogy teaching method? ›

Teachers use analogies throughout their lessons, especially when responding to student questions. When a teacher uses phrases such as “similarly”, “likewise”, “in the same way as”, “in comparison to”, and “just like”, they are generally using analogies to help students grasp a concept.

What are analogy type questions? ›

In questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. Analogy tests are therefore meant to test a candidate's overall knowledge, the power of reasoning and ability to think concisely and accurately.

Why is it called analogy? ›

The word analogy (which comes from analogous) traces back by way of Latin to a Greek word meaning "proportionate." That word has a root in the Greek word logos, meaning "reason." likeness, similarity, resemblance, similitude, analogy mean agreement or correspondence in details.

What is another word for analogy? ›

Some common synonyms of analogy are likeness, resemblance, similarity, and similitude. While all these words mean "agreement or correspondence in details," analogy implies likeness or parallelism in relations rather than in appearance or qualities.

What is the opposite of analogy? ›

An antonym for analogy could be 'dissimilarity' or 'incongruity' which are words that describe things that are different.

What is basic analogy? ›

At its most basic, an analogy is a comparison of two things to show their similarities. Sometimes the things being compared are quite similar, but other times they could be very different. Nevertheless, an analogy explains one thing in terms of another to highlight the ways in which they are alike.

What is the root word of analogy? ›

Analogy (from Greek analogia, "proportion", from ana- "upon, according to" [also "against", "anew"] + logos "ratio" [also "word, speech, reckoning"]) is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analog, or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression ...

What is analogy reasoning example? ›

To argue by analogy is to argue that because two things are similar, what is true of one is also true of the other. Such arguments are called "analogical arguments" or "arguments by analogy". Here are some examples : There might be life on Europa because it has an atmosphere that contains oxygen just like the Earth.

What is an analogy 5th grade? ›

Analogies show the relationships between two pairs of words. finger is to hand as petal is to flower. A finger is part of a hand. A petal is part of a flower.

What is a analogy in math? ›

Analogy is indeed a special kind of similarity (Holyoak, 2005; Pólya, 1954). Analogical reasoning relies on the comparison between two systems that can belong to the same domain or to similar or to different domains and are perceived as similar in some respects (English, 1997; Gentner et al., 1997; Vosniadou, 1989).

What is analogy kid friendly? ›

An analogy is a comparison between two items based on a similar characteristic or feature. Analogies can be very helpful when learning new vocabulary. Simple analogies are presented in pairs, with the first pair having the same relationship as the second pair. For example: Nest is to bird as dam is to beaver.

What type of person uses analogies? ›

Analysts and Diplomats (86% and 85% agreeing) All Analyst and Diplomat personality types share the Intuitive trait, so it's not surprising that they were the Roles most likely to agree that they like to use analogies and metaphors to understand and explain things.

Is analogy a higher order thinking skills? ›

While analogy is often described as specifically the process of generating higher order similarity relations (as opposed to contrastive relations), in fact, these two types of comparative judgments are both engaged in any analogy.

Why are analogies so powerful? ›

Why Is Analogy So Powerful? Analogy helps people digest new ideas quickly because the simpler thing enables the more complex thing to be more easily understood and built upon. Analogous thinking goes one step further and uses seemingly disparate experts or sources to elevate thinking on an issue or problem.

Can an analogy be false? ›

a type of informal fallacy or a persuasive technique in which the fact that two things are alike in one respect leads to the invalid conclusion that they must be alike in some other respect.

Can an analogy be wrong? ›

A false analogy is an informal fallacy. It applies to inductive arguments. It is an informal fallacy because the error concerns what the argument is about, and not the argument itself. An analogy proposes that two concepts which are similar (A and B) have a common relationship to some property.

What is a weak analogy example? ›

If the two things that are being compared aren't really alike in the relevant respects, the analogy is a weak one, and the argument that relies on it commits the fallacy of weak analogy. Example: “Guns are like hammers—they're both tools with metal parts that could be used to kill someone.

What is the main goal of analogy? ›

As a rhetorical device, analogy compares two unlike things with the purpose of both illustrating a comparison and explaining it. You aren't just trying to show a similarity when you use an analogy. You are also trying to make a point about this similarity.

What is the main of studying analogy? ›

Analogies focus on a variety of word relationships. Studying them will enhance, strengthen and reinforce skills in areas such as reading comprehension, attention to detail, vocabulary, synonyms, antonyms, homophones, deductive reasoning and logic.

What are the four types of analogy? ›

Four types of association analogies exist: object to characteristic, cause and effect, function, and sequential order.

What is English analogy test? ›

analogy test in American English

noun. a reasoning test in which the subject is required to supply the missing term in a relationship of the form “A is to B as Y is to —”

What is an analogy answer? ›

An analogy is a comparison between two objects, or systems of objects, that highlights respects in which they are thought to be similar. Analogical reasoning is any type of thinking that relies upon an analogy.

What is an example of an analogy argument? ›

To argue by analogy is to argue that because two things are similar, what is true of one is also true of the other. Such arguments are called analogical arguments or arguments by analogy. Here are some examples: There might be life on Europa because it has an atmosphere that contains oxygen just like the Earth.

What's an analogy meaning? ›

plural analogies. : a comparison of two otherwise unlike things based on resemblance of a particular aspect. : resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise unlike : similarity. : inference that if two or more things agree with one another in some respects they will probably agree in others.

What are the 9 types of analogy? ›

Analogy Types & Analogy Examples
  • Opposites Analogies. ...
  • Object and Classification Analogies. ...
  • Object and Related Object Analogies. ...
  • Object and Group Analogies. ...
  • Degrees of a Characteristic Analogies. ...
  • Cause and Effect Analogies. ...
  • Effort and Result Analogies. ...
  • Problem and Solution Analogies.

What is analogy method? ›

The analogy method compares a new or proposed system with one analogous (i.e., similar) system, that was typically acquired in the recent past, for which there is accurate cost and technical data. There must be a reasonable correlation between the proposed and “historical” system.

What are the 3 methods of analysis? ›

Diagnostic Analysis, Predictive Analysis, Prescriptive Analysis, Text Analysis, and Statistical Analysis are the most commonly used data analytics types. Statistical analysis can be further broken down into Descriptive Analytics and Inferential Analysis.

What are the 3 steps to analysis? ›

These steps and many others fall into three stages of the data analysis process: evaluate, clean, and summarize.

Can an analogy be a question? ›

Analogy questions will ask you to make comparisons.

They might ask you to compare a relationship between two things in the passage with a relationship between two things in the answer choices, or they might just ask for the answer choice that is most similar to something in the passage.

What makes a strong analogy? ›

If the similarities between the things being compared are major and the differences only minor, then it is a strong analogy.

What is another word of analogy? ›

Some common synonyms of analogy are likeness, resemblance, similarity, and similitude.

What is a good analogy? ›

A good analogy is a compromise between two conflicting goals: familiarity and representativeness. Good analogies are familiar. They express an abstract idea in terms of a familiar one.

What type of word is analogy? ›

noun, plural a·nal·o·gies. a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.

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