Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (2023)

What are synonyms and antonyms?

Pretty, beautiful, handsome... What's the difference?

Why are synonyms and antonyms important?

How to use synonyms and antonyms to improve vocabulary?

How to use synonyms and antonyms to improve writing skills?

In this article we are going to answer these questions.

Synonyms

Asynonymis a word or expression that has the same or almost the same meaning as another.

Synonym examples:

  • awful / terrible
  • big / large
  • smart / clever
  • photograph / picture

Word origin:Greek,syn= same,onyma= a name

Short list of synonyms in English, listed by the part of speech

Nouns

  • belly / stomach
  • children / kids
  • disaster / catastrophe
  • earth / soil
  • father / dad
  • happiness / joy
  • instinct / intuition
  • mother / mom
  • present / gift
  • sunrise / dawn

Verbs

  • answer / reply
  • beat / defeat
  • behave / act
  • begin / start
  • close / shut
  • leave / exit
  • provide / supply
  • select / choose
  • shout / yell
  • speak / talk

Adjectives

  • big / large
  • complete / total
  • correct / right
  • crazy / mad
  • foolish / silly
  • happy / glad
  • hard / difficult
  • ill / sick
  • last / final
  • near / close
  • sad / unhappy
  • stable / steady

Adverbs

  • abroad / overseas
  • almost / nearly
  • badly / poorly
  • fast / quickly
  • intentionally / on purpose
  • out / outside
  • rarely / seldom
  • sometimes / occasionally
  • surely / for sure
  • very / highly / extremely

Prepositions

  • above / over
  • about / regarding / concerning
  • against / versus
  • below / beneath / under
  • by / via
  • despite / in spite of
  • in / into
  • off / away
  • until / till
  • with / including

Conjunctions

  • and / plus
  • because / since
  • but / yet
  • if / provided
  • once / as soon as

Interjections

  • hello / hi
  • gee / gosh
  • goodness / goodness me / my goodness
  • no / nope
  • oh Lord / good Lord
  • thanks / thank you
  • whoopee / yahoo / hooray
  • yes / yeah

Synonyms are not necessarily the same!

You see, they can be very similar, but they do not necessarily mean the same.

Here is a common example.

the following words are all synonyms. Theirgeneral meaningis "pleasant to look at."

There are however important nuances.

Look at the illustrations, read the definitions and see for yourself.

Pretty, beautiful, handsome... What's the difference?

PrettyBeautifulHandsome
Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (1)Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (2)Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (3)
Pretty=
delicate and pleasant to look at.
Beautiful=
(of a woman or girl)extremely pleasant to look at.
Handsome=
(of a man)
pleasant to look at.
LovelyRavishingGood-looking
Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (4)Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (5)Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (6)
Lovely=
(of someone that makes you have a strong feeling for them)
graceful and very pleasant to look at.
Ravishing=
very beautiful.
Good-looking=
physically pleasant to look at.
CuteAdorableGorgeous
Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (7)Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (8)Synonyms and Antonyms | English Vocabulary | English EFL (9)
Cute=
(of someone young or something small)
charming and pleasant to look at.
Adorable=
very pleasant to look at and very easy to love.
Gorgeous=
impressive and extremely pleasant to look at.

Here is another example to illustrate this point:

"To ask" means to say or write what you wish to happen.

"To request" means to say or write what you wish to happen, but it has a formal use.

(Video) Learn 200 HELPFUL Synonym Words in English To Strengthen Your English Vocabulary

In other words, you would use "ask" and "request" in different situations and contexts.

So it's not enough just to study a word's meaning and synonyms. You should also be aware of the subtle difference, nuances, and usage issues of each individual word.

Additional example:

One of the meanings of "hurt" is to "to be painful."

For example, "My back hurts like hell."

One synonym of "hurt" is "ache."

"To ache" means "to be painful, in a dull way." Adullpain means that it is not very strong, but it is continuous.

For example, "I've been standing for so long that now my feet ache."

So you see, "hurt" and "ache" are synonyms. Their meanings are indeed very similar, but not identical.

Antonyms

Anantonymis a word that means the opposite of another word.

Antonym examples:

  • old / new
  • black / white
  • strong / weak
  • break / fix

Word origin:Greek,anti=opposite,onym= name

Short list of antonyms in English, listed by the part of speech

Nouns

  • day / night
  • east / west
  • enemy / friend
  • failure / success
  • guest / host
  • health / disease
  • question / answer
  • speaker / listener
  • summer / winter
  • top / bottom

Verbs

  • agree / disagree
  • arrive / leave
  • begin / end
  • fall asleep / wake up
  • find / lose
  • lend / borrow
  • love / hate
  • open / close
  • remember / forget
  • start / stop

Adjectives

  • asleep / awake
  • beautiful / ugly
  • big / small
  • black / white
  • cheap / expensive
  • dead / alive
  • dry / wet
  • easy / difficult
  • full / empty
  • good / bad
  • hot / cold
  • intelligent / stupid
  • sad / happy
  • sick / healthy
  • thin / fat

Adverbs

  • always / never
  • angrily / happily
  • fast / slowly
  • here / there
  • inside / outside
  • likely / unlikely
  • near / far
  • partly/ fully
  • seemingly / actually
  • yesterday / tomorrow

Prepositions

  • above / below
  • against / for
  • before / after
  • in / out
  • like / unlike
  • on / off
  • plus / minus
  • to / from
  • towards / away
  • with / without

Conjunctions

  • and / or
  • therefore / nevertheless

Interjections

  • bravo / boo
  • hello / goodbye
  • holy cow / duh
  • phew / oops
  • thanks / no thanks
  • yes / no
  • yippee / oh my

Why are synonyms and antonyms important?

Knowing synonyms and antonyms can help you express yourself better – more CLEARLY.

If you know different words that describe the same thing (but in a slightly different way, or from a different angle), you can chose the best word (synonym) to use.

That way, you are able to deliver the exact message you intend to communicate.

Knowing synonyms and antonyms can help you express yourself better – with more VARIETY and more COLORFULLY. (Here "colorful" means "interesting or exciting.")

Repeating the same words tends to get monotonous. It doesn't sound good in natural speech, and even more so in artistic writing (poetry, prose). Using synonyms makes your speech or writing richer and more "colorful."

(Video) SYNONYMS and ANTONYMS | Compilation | What is the difference between synonyms and antonyms?

Using antonyms helps to emphasize your point, showcontrast, or explain exactly what you mean. Antonyms too add "colors" to your speech or writing.

For example, compare these two paragraphs:

"The girl looked out the window. While looking out the window, the girl noticed a littlekitty. Thekitty she noticed was not fat. It was very much not fat."

"The girl looked out the window. While glancing outside, she noticed a little kitty. The kitten she saw was not fat. It was skinny, and not chubby at all."

In addition, You can really get full understanding of an area if you learn the different synonyms that apply to it, and theirnuances.

For example,cost,charge, andfee,are all used to describemoney that you pay for something:

Cost= the amount of money that you need to buy, make or do something. (How much is spent by the buyer.)

  • The totalcostwas $100.
  • You can get a new roof at thecostof $850.
  • They protest against the highcostof living.

Charge= an amount of money that is asked in return for goods or services. (How much is requested by the seller/provider.)

  • There is a monthlychargeof $7 for using the phone.
  • There is an admissionchargeat the circus.
  • The shipment will be free ofcharge.

Fee= an amount of money that you have to pay for professional advice or services (the officially set price).

  • The college has afeefor the services that it provides.
  • Thesefeesdo not cover accommodation or meals.
  • My insurance covers the doctor'sfee.

As you can see,cost,chargeandfeehave similar meanings, but there are slight differences present. They can be used slightly differently.

These words have different uses as verbs, too:

  • How much does itcost? (not:How much does it charge?)
  • How much do youchargefor fixing the roof? (not:How much do you cost for fixing the roof?)

How to use synonyms and antonyms to improve vocabulary?

Synonyms and antonyms can help remember the words you are trying to learn.

For example, let's say you are trying to learn the wordbash. "Bash" is an informal word which means "a large or exciting event, with food, drinks, dancing, etc." For example, "Get ready for the biggest birthdaybashever!"

Once you've understood the meaning of the word "bash," you'll find it helpful to know its synonym is "party."

(Note that it doesn't work the other way around. Trying to explain a "bash" by just saying it's a "party" is not very accurate.)

In many cases dictionaries list the word's synonyms after certain definitions or inside usage notes. There are also special dictionaries for synonyms. They are called thesauruses. Athesaurusis a book in which words with the same or similar meanings are grouped together.

There are also online thesauruses you can take advantage of:

(Video) PARTY SYNONYMS IN ENGLISH EXPLAINED | ENGLISH VOCABULARY LESSON

Macmillan Dictionary and Thesaurus: Free English Dictionary Online

Merriam-Webster – Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and More

Thesaurus.com

A word of caution: thesauruses also list many rare/not-so-much-in-use words. So use your judgment when working with them.

How to use synonyms and antonyms to improve writing skills?

Knowing many different synonyms and antonyms can help you diversify your writing.

The trick is knowing to choose the right word, and you can't pick the right word unless you actually know it. So you need to be familiar with many words, and know how and when to use each.

This is best achieved byreading,reading,reading, and then some morereading.

There are, however,writing exercises you can do to help.

An example for a writing exercise with synonyms

Let's say you would like to increase your active vocabulary of linking words that add information, such as "moreover."
(Active vocabularyis the words you know and actually use.)

So here is an exercise to help with that.

1. First, using a dictionary or thesaurus (or several of them), make a list of synonyms to the word "moreover."

Here is such a list:
Moreover, additionally, in addition, further, furthermore, likewise, besides, then, yet, what is more, too, also, as well, to boot.

2. Look up each word in the dictionary.

Make sure you understand the definitions.

Go over the example sentences. It's important to see how each word/phrase is actually used.

Also note the following points:

  • The possible locations of each word/phrase in the sentence (beginning, middle, end).
  • How punctuation is used next to it.
  • At which occasions each word/phrase is used: formal, informal, slang, etc.

3. Write several sentenceswith each synonym.

(Video) Synonyms and Antonyms - ESL - Synonyms & Antonyms - English Vocabulary Words With Examples

Here is an example to this:

Moreover(formal)

  • The solution offered was long and complicated.Moreover, it seemed ineffective at the time.
  • She is a beautiful woman and,moreover, a talented actress.

Additionally

  • The factory had to fire 20% of its workers.Additionally, the management had to reduce manufacturing costs by 40%.

In addition

  • There is,in addition, one more problem.
  • In additionto these files, I want you to look into those over there.
  • They won the race, andin additionmade a new record.

Further

  • We had no pet. We realized,further, that we can't afford any.
  • He lost his ticket.Further, he didn't have his ID with him.
  • I would needfurtherinformation on this.

Furthermore

  • She lied about her occupation. Furthermore, she lied about her true age.
  • The baby brought joy into their life. Taking care of him,furthermore, has made them stronger.

Likewise(formal)

  • The first week was very hard. The second week waslikewisedifficult.
  • The people wanted to stop the fighting.Likewise, the government needed to put an end to it.

Besides

  • We had many problemsbesidesthe mortgage.
  • Besidesselling pastries, this bakery also offers a wide selection of drinks.

Then

  • I've been very tired lately andthenthere was the wedding to arrange.
  • Judy and Tracy want to come, andthenthere is Lisa and her boys, so we need another car.

Yet

  • You came lateyetanother time. I think we need to talk.
  • My boss firedyetanother worker. That's the fourth one this month!

What is more

  • She lost the case, andwhat's moreshe tried to hide it!
  • The show was simply wonderful andwhat's more, he organized it herself.

Too(common in spoken English)

  • Can I see ittoo?
  • Clean your room, and you should open the windows,too.

Also(more formal than "as well" and "too")

  • Jim is a great singer. Healsoplays the piano.
  • I hated that movie.Also, it was too crowded inside.
  • There weren't a lot of students today. It wasalsovery hot.

As well(in American English sounds formal)

  • Will he be thereas well?
  • We make bootsas well asbelts.

To boot(humorous or old-fashioned)

  • She wore a red dress and red high heel shoesto boot.
  • Their son can't have grains, and he can't drink milkto boot.
  • That dish looks bad, and it tastes awful,to boot.

This ends our review of synonyms and antonyms in English.

FAQs

How do you teach synonyms and antonyms ESL? ›

Students ideally work in pairs. Your students' job is to work together to tell if the second word in each pair is a synonym or an antonym. Next, students add a synonym or an antonym for either one of the words in each pair. Then, as a class, the students share and check their answers.

How can synonyms and antonyms be used in teaching vocabulary? ›

Antonym. A word or phrase that means the opposite or nearly the opposite of another word or phrase. One excellent technique for improving your vocabulary is to learn synonyms and antonyms together. You can create a chart listing both synonyms and antonyms including example sentences to help you memorize new vocabulary.

What are 10 examples of synonyms and antonyms? ›

Examples of Synonyms and Antonyms
WordSynonymAntonym
IneptIncompetent, UnskilledCompetant
SootheEase, RelieveAggravate
LingerStay put, RemainVanish
VitalEssential, CrucialUnimportant
5 more rows

What is synonyms and antonyms in English with examples? ›

Synonyms refer to words that have the same or similar meaning to another word. Antonyms are words that mean the exact opposite of another word. For example, sadness is an antonym of happiness.

What is the easiest way to learn synonyms and antonyms? ›

Look the word up in the dictionary and thesaurus: This is definitely one of the most common and important things to do. Most synonyms and antonyms are not evident after the first It is always advisable to consult your dictionary to get a full grasp of what the meaning is all about.

What are the 3 types of antonyms? ›

Types of antonyms
  • Gradable antonyms.
  • Complementary antonyms.
  • Relational antonyms.

What is the role of synonyms and antonyms while building vocabulary? ›

Synonyms are words that have the same, or almost the same, meaning as another word. Antonyms are words that have the opposite meaning of another word. Choosing the right synonym refines your writing. Learning common antonyms sharpens your sense of language and expands your vocabulary.

Why is it important to know the synonyms and antonyms of words? ›

Synonyms and antonyms might help you expand your vocabulary. Discovering words with the same meanings that you can substitute for a commonly used word might provide you with more options for expressing yourself.

What are the 50 words of antonyms? ›

List of 100 antonyms
  • Artificial – Natural.
  • Arrive – Depart.
  • Argue – Agree.
  • All – None.
  • Amateur – Professional.
  • Alive – Dead.
  • Advanced – Elementary.
  • Adult – Child.
5 Aug 2022

What are 50 synonyms? ›

List of Synonyms
WordSynonym-1Synonym-2
AwfulDreadfulTerrible
BadDepravedRotten
BeautifulGorgeousDazzling
BeginStartOpen
15 more rows

Where can I find synonyms and antonyms for words? ›

Synonyms and Antonyms of Words. Thesaurus.com.

How do you identify synonyms and antonyms? ›

An antonym is a word that has the opposite meaning as that of a given word. On the other hand, a synonym is a word that has a completely similar meaning as that of a given word.

Is there any trick for synonyms and antonyms? ›

Points to remember while solving Synonyms & Antonyms

Eliminate the least relevant answers. Analyze word root and word charge. Avoid answering instinctively. Use difficult words in a sentence.

How can I improve my vocabulary and synonyms? ›

Vocabulary Learning Tips
  1. Use vocabulary learning methods to focus quickly on the vocabulary YOU need to study.
  2. Don't make random lists of new words. ...
  3. Always add context by writing out a few example sentences using new vocabulary.
  4. Keep a vocabulary notepad at hand whenever you are reading in English.
23 Mar 2018

Which dictionary is best for synonyms and antonyms? ›

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms.

What are 10 examples of synonyms? ›

II. Examples of Synonyms
  • Bad: awful, terrible, horrible.
  • Good: fine, excellent, great.
  • Hot: burning, fiery, boiling.
  • Cold: chilly, freezing, frosty.
  • Easy: Simple, effortless, straightforward.
  • Hard: difficult, challenging, tough.
  • Big: large, huge, giant.
  • Small: tiny, little, mini.

What are 5 pairs of antonyms? ›

Examples of Complementary Antonyms
  • off — on.
  • night — day.
  • entrance — exit.
  • exterior — interior.
  • true — false.
  • dead — alive.
  • push — pull.
  • pass — fail.

What is the vocabulary of antonyms? ›

Updated on August 22, 2022 · Grammar. An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word. For example, hot and cold are antonyms, as are good and bad.

What is the importance of synonyms in the language? ›

Why Is Using Synonyms Important? It is important to use synonyms because they help to enhance the writing quality and provide readers with a crisp and unique outlook of the text. Furthermore, it can also improve both oral and writing skills, as explained ahead.

What is difference between synonyms and vocabulary? ›

A thesaurus compiles words which have the same sense of meaning and can be replaced by each other. But vocabulary offers you something more than a dictionary or a thesaurus. Vocabulary, unlike the dictionary and thesaurus, offers an in-depth analysis of a word and its usage in different contexts.

Why synonyms and antonyms are important in academic writing? ›

Using synonyms makes your speech or writing richer and more "colorful." Using antonyms helps to emphasize your point, show contrast, or explain exactly what you mean.

What are types of synonyms? ›

Synonyms have three main types based on how close the words' meanings are. Absolute synonyms have the exact same meaning, partial synonyms have similar meanings with only subtle differences, and near synonyms have different meanings that are closely related to each other.

Why do students need to learn about synonyms? ›

Teaching synonyms is such an important skill for little learners. When students learn how to use them effectively, they'll be able to understand what they hear and read even better. They'll also expand their vocabulary with new words so they aren't using the same ones in their writing over and over.

How do you prepare synonyms and antonyms? ›

Tips and Tricks to prepare Synonyms & Antonyms for SSC CGL
  1. Don't Cram But Read & Understand.
  2. Look up the previous year's paper & analyse them.
  3. Keep revising difficult words.
  4. Use synonyms/antonyms in sentences.
  5. Do not guess in the exam.
  6. Use the elimination method.
5 Jan 2022

How do you teach antonyms in a fun way? ›

A fun activity is having students go through old magazines and cut out pictures to represent opposites. You can also create a class story using as many opposites as possible. Another fun activity is saying “Tell me the opposite of…” and see if students know the opposite.

How will you teach synonyms and antonyms to the students of class five Support your answer with example? ›

Synonym and Antonym Hunt

Pass out a thesaurus to each student and teach the class how to use the book. Then provide each student with a specific word, such as "good" or "bad," and have fifth-graders go through the thesaurus to find synonyms and antonyms. Invite the students to share their lists with the class.

Is there a 100 letter word? ›

James Joyce made up nine 100-letter words plus one 101-letter word in his novel Finnegans Wake, the most famous of which is Bababadalgharaghtakamminarronnkonnbronntonnerronntuonnthunntrovarrhounawnskawntoohoohoordenenthurnuk.

What are the 200 examples of antonyms? ›

200 Antonyms Words List | Common Antonyms List
WordAntonyms
BirthDead
BraveCowardly
BriefLong
FullEmpty
137 more rows

What are the 500 examples of antonyms? ›

Antonyms (A)
AwakeAsleep
AncientModern
AliveDead
AdmitDeny, Reject
AdoreHate
20 more rows

What are the 200 examples of synonyms? ›

Watch 200 Synonyms Words List Video
WORDSYNONYM
QuitePretty
FuriousAngry
RichWealthy
NaughtyMischievous
131 more rows

What are the 50 examples of homonyms? ›

Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs
accept - take inexcept - other than
real - factualreel - roll
right - correct; not leftwrite - scribble
ring - encirclewring - squeeze
road - streetrode - past tense of ride
142 more rows
16 Jul 2019

What are antonyms write 20 antonyms? ›

List of Antonyms
WordAntonym-1Antonym-3
AcceptRefuseDeny
AccurateInaccurateUnreliable
AdvantageDisadvantageImpotence
AliveDeadSluggish
15 more rows

Do a 180 synonyms? ›

180 degree turn
  • U-turn.
  • policy change.
  • reversal.
  • turnabout.
  • turnaround.
  • change.
  • double.
  • overturning.

What are 1000 synonyms? ›

  • chiliad.
  • millenary.
  • millennium.
  • millennial.

What is the word for 150? ›

150 in words is written as One Hundred and Fifty.

Can you give me a list of antonyms? ›

Antonyms
  • Above – Below.
  • Absent – Present.
  • Achieve – Fail.
  • Add – Subtract.
  • Afraid – Confident.
  • After – Before.
  • Amateur – Professional.
  • Ancient – Modern.
22 Feb 2019

What is best antonym? ›

antonyms for best
  • inferior.
  • poor.
  • least.
  • minor.
  • poorest.
  • secondary.
  • unimportant.
  • worst.

What are antonyms Grade 7? ›

Antonyms are words with opposite meanings. For example, good and bad. Synonyms are words with similar meanings.

What are special vocabularies? ›

Specialized vocabularies are those vocabularies used in certain fields. The medical and legal fields are the two I think of most often when I think of specialized vocabularies, though there are many other fields.

How do you explain synonyms and antonyms? ›

Synonyms are words that have the same, or almost the same, meaning as another word. Antonyms are words that have the opposite meaning of another word. Choosing the right synonym refines your writing. Learning common antonyms sharpens your sense of language and expands your vocabulary.

How do you teach synonyms effectively? ›

Ideas for Teaching Synonyms

Create a classroom word bank on your whiteboard or bulletin board to collect synonyms for common words as a whole class. Allow students to add suggestions throughout the school year. Introduce students to the thesaurus to learn where and how to look for fresh synonyms when writing.

How many antonyms and synonyms are there in English? ›

Hence, we are providing the list of Synonyms and Antonyms containing more than 400 English synonym and antonym words.
...
Synonyms And Antonyms List
WordsSynonyms – Same MeaningAntonyms – Opposites
AbjectDespicable, servileCommendable, Praiseworthy
73 more rows

What are the types of synonyms? ›

Synonyms have three main types based on how close the words' meanings are. Absolute synonyms have the exact same meaning, partial synonyms have similar meanings with only subtle differences, and near synonyms have different meanings that are closely related to each other.

What are three synonyms teaching? ›

synonyms for teach
  • advise.
  • coach.
  • demonstrate.
  • develop.
  • direct.
  • explain.
  • instruct.
  • lecture.

What are the objectives of learning synonyms? ›

Learning Objectives:

define synonym. identify synonyms. choose appropriate synonyms for composition.

What are four vocabulary teaching strategies? ›

Teaching vocabulary: strategies
  • Put yourself in your students' shoes.
  • Make direct vocabulary instruction fun and engaging.
  • Indirect vocabulary instruction is key.
  • Create quality vocabulary practices.
11 Dec 2018

What are the 5 techniques of teaching? ›

Here are five strategies that proved to be extremely effective in my classroom.
  • Student-Centered Discussions. ...
  • Making Connections. ...
  • Increased Autonomy. ...
  • Building Relationships. ...
  • A Focus on Literacy.

What is the importance of synonyms? ›

Why Is Using Synonyms Important? It is important to use synonyms because they help to enhance the writing quality and provide readers with a crisp and unique outlook of the text. Furthermore, it can also improve both oral and writing skills, as explained ahead.

Videos

1. Learn 270 Synonym Words + Antonym Words in English | Strengthen Your English Vocabulary
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3. Grade 3 - English - Synonyms and Antonyms / WorksheetCloud Video Lesson
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4. Improve Your English Vocabulary (Synonyms!) #shorts
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5. Build & Boost your English Vocabulary | Audiobook and Text | English Synonyms and Antonyms Section 1
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